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The Poole Studio 1962-1966

Part 2  


Robert Jefferson


Robert Jefferson, a former lecturer in Ceramics at Stoke-on-Trent College of Art, joined Poole Pottery in 1958 as full-time resident designer working on domestic ranges and oven-to-table ware. In 1961 working with Guy Sydenham he relaunched the Poole Studio, an idea suggested as early as 1950 by John Adams [Robert Jefferson, The Quiet Virtuoso by Rena Jefferson]. The first exhibition of individual pieces was shown at the Tea Centre in Regent Street London in January 1961.




Above left - a rare one-off design, probably by Robert Jefferson, thrown by Guy Sydenham. Right - a rare bud vase (8 inches) in a design by Robert Jefferson first shown at the 1961 exhibition. [see 20th Century Designers in Britain, Andrew Casey pp324].




Above - one off pieces signed by Robert Jefferson are rare. This eliptical vase stands 18 inches tall and has an 'eyepiece' to the reverse looking out on the world through an eye on the front elevation. The retail price (c1963) was 22 1/2 guineas.



Impressed Poole Studio mark and Robert Jefferson mark on the vase above.



The 'Delphis Collection'


Launched in October 1963, the so-called ‘Delphis Collection’ reproduced 75 or so vases designed by Robert Jefferson as a standard repeatable range. This allowed trade customers to place orders with a degree of certainty as to size, shape and price. Popular lines could be re-ordered from a catalogue. Although shapes were (to some degree) standardised, the colour, decoration, glazing and carving of each piece was unique.




Individual creativity was preserved and developed within a commercial framework and with the benefit of the latest kilns, glazes and a laboratory. There were no other potteries at that time producing studio pottery within a modern industrial environment in this way.




Above - bottle vase Shape 50. For some more examples, see below





The early Studio pieces were thrown by Guy Sydenham and decorated by Tony Morris and Robert Jefferson. After 1963 new patterns were added and there was a crossover of paintresses from other departments. Pieces usually bear the Poole Studio ‘TV screen’ mark (H&A mark No.43). Mark No.46 (Poole Studio - England) appears from 1964-1966. The first pattern shapes are shown on the factory pattern sheets which are reproduced at Page 118 in Hayward and Atterbury (fewer patterns are shown in the 1st edition than in later editions).



Above - Studio vases designed by Robert Jefferson. Pattern numbers 16 (centre) and 34. The retail price of the taller vases (13.5 inches) was 6 guineas.




Above left - Vase shape 37 (just over 15 inches), retail price 10 guineas. There were problems caused by glaze dripping from the applied 'suckers' on to the body of the vase and consequently not many vases were produced in this design. Right - tall vase (approximately 20 inches) decorated and signed by Christine Tate. 




Above - a shortened version of Shape 37 





Above - carved and painted monochromatic designs, tallest vase 15.5 inches. Left hand vase Shape 60, tallest vase Shape 50, centre front Shape 70, right (rear) Shape 61, right (front) Shape 66.





Vases Shape 1, height 10 inches. The retail price in 1964 was 91/2 guineas.  



Above - Shape 1 vase with carved decoration.  





Above - examples of shape 46, height 9.5 inches. The left hand vase is dated October1965 and was presented to the Sheriff of Poole.





Above - Bottle vases Shape 50 (height 15.5 inches) in a variety of incised and decorated designs, the retail price in 1963 was10 guineas each.





Above - a selection of 'onion vases' - Shapes 9 and 10




Shape 9, 5 1/4 inches, retail price 2 guineas




Shape 9 in a Tony Morris design 




Above - Shape 50




Above left - Vase number 16, 10 1/8 inches, retail price 3 1/2 guineas. Right - 'onion vase' shape 9. Both show the use of an experimental Aventurine type glaze -  a supersaturated solution comprising metallic oxides and rutile (a natural mineral composed primarily of titanium dioxide) which formed crystals as it cooled in the firing process to produce a sparkling effect under bright light.